The future of public transit
1 - Metro extensions: orange, yellow and blue lines
Extending the orange, yellow and blue lines will increase the coverage of the metropolitan area’s metro network. The anticipated benefits are numerous and include faster access to downtown for newly served populations, as well as an increasing modal shift from car travel to public transit. Falling under the joint responsibility of the MTQ and the AMT, a project office is currently tasked with completing studies on projects to extend the orange line towards Bois-Franc and Laval, the yellow line into Longueuil territory and the blue line to Anjou.
2 - LRT or rapid transit service in the A-10/Downtown corridor
The Champlain Bridge reserved bus lane accounts for more than 40,000 trips daily, or the equivalent of the metro yellow line. Given that current infrastructure is at capacity, establishing an LRT or a rapid transit service in the A-10 corridor will increase capacity and allow for rapid travel between the South Shore and downtown Montreal, without the unpredictability of traffic congestion. A partnership office has been set up to identify a rapid transit service solution for the A-10 corridor in consultation with various stakeholders. This office will take particular account of the scenario under consideration for replacing the Champlain Bridge.
3 - Electrification of the public transit network
Currently, Deux-Montagnes is the only electrified line. The AMT would like to extend electrification to other lines on the network. It has already acquired bimodal diesel-electric locomotives with a view to gradually electrifying the network. It continues to work with the partners involved, particularly CN and CP railways, to establish an electrification schedule for each line and each section, as well as set out different scenarios for the gradual electrification of the network. Electrification may also be considered for the major metropolitan corridors appearing in the plan.
4 - Pie-IX bus rapid transit (BRT) service
Pie-IX Boulevard accounts for nearly 38,000 daily public transit trips. The AMT plans to offer a superior quality bus service in terms of speed, reliability and comfort. This BRT will include two-way dedicated bus lanes in the middle of Pie-IX Boulevard. The route will cross Laval and Montreal and include 21 stations and three park-and-ride lots. The project will increase the modal shift from cars to public transit, facilitate feeder service to the metro and provide faster access to downtown via public transit. The BRT will be fully accessible to people with reduced mobility and information about service on the line will also be available in real-time thanks to an integrated communications system.
5 - Downtown Bus Terminal
The Downtown Bus Terminal (Terminus Centre-Ville), mainly serving South Shore buses, is currently at capacity. Therefore the AMT is planning to increase its capacity. The project will take account of studies on the restructuring of the Bonaventure-Montreal corridor, as well as existing plans for replacing the Champlain Bridge and possibly establishing an LRT or a rapid transit service in the A-10 corridor. This new intermodal transit hub will also accommodate buses from Montreal proper and from the rest of the metropolitan region.
6 - Train de l’Ouest
The AMT plans to increase the number of train departures on the Vaudreuil-Hudson line to provide speedier and more frequent access to downtown, as well as to major centres in Montreal’s West Island. Currently a major issue is sharing infrastructure with freight transportation. The solution for improving passenger transit is to develop a railway corridor exclusively reserved for passenger trains between the West Island and the Lucien-l’Allier terminal.
7 - Lachine and Pointe-Saint-Charles maintenance centres and rolling stock garage sites
With the new multilevel cars and bimodal locomotives, the AMT’s rolling stock fleet now numbers 300 units. The AMT plans to oversee the maintenance of its rolling stock itself, so as to enhance service reliability and quality, while extending the useful life of its equipment. Two new maintenance centres and garages will be created: the first, in Lachine, will accommodate rolling stock running on CP rails, while the second, in Pointe-Saint-Charles, will accommodate trains running on CN tracks. These state-of-the-art facilities will use the most energy-efficient and environmentally friendly technologies.
8 - Mont Royal Tunnel capacity and Blainville–Saint-Jérôme line connection
Currently, only the Deux-Montagnes commuter train line runs through the Mont Royal Tunnel. It is imperative that tunnel capacity be increased before it can accommodate planned service increases on the Deux-Montagnes line as well as trains from the Train de l’Est line (Mascouche line). In addition, to reduce travelling time on the Blainville–Saint-Jérôme line towards downtown, a tunnel rail link is planned between Parc Station and the Mont Royal Tunnel, as far as the Central Station.